Lord Mahavir also known as Vardhamana as the twenty-fourth and last Jain Tirthankara. He devoted his life towards spreading his Keval Jnana among people and gave discourses in local languages as opposed to in elite Sanskrit. He encouraged participation of people from all social standings, rich and poor, men and women, touchable and untouchable. His teaching helps us to handle ups and downs and to live a happy life.
1. In happiness and suffering, in joy and grief, we should regard all creatures as we regard our own self.
2. All breathing, existing, living, sentient creatures should not be slain, nor treated with violence, nor abused, nor tormented, nor driven away.
3. Kill not, cause no pain. Nonviolence is the greatest religion.
4. All breathing, existing, living, sentient creatures should not be slain, nor treated with violence, nor abused, nor tormented, nor driven away.
5. Soul is the central point of spiritual discipline.
6. By sincerity, a man gains physical, mental and linguistic straightforwardness, and harmonious tendency; that is, congruence of speech and action.
7. Don't accumulate if you do not need. The excess of wealth in your hands is for the society, and you are the trustee for the same.
8. Attachment and aversion are the root cause of karma, and karma originates from infatuation. Karma is the root cause of birth and death, and these are said to be the source of misery. None can escape the effect of their own past karma.