Millions of people across the world are diagnosed with Skin Cancer every year and thousand succumb to death because of it. The skin is the largest organ and protects other organs and regulates body temperature. And it's very necessary to protect it as it is the first organ that comes in contact with harmful UV rays.
How does exposure to the sun cause Skin Cancer?
Exposure to the Sun for a continuous period of time, including sunbathing, having sunburns, or using tanning beds increases the chance of developing skin cancer. No matter what time of the year it is protection from dangerous ultraviolet (UV) radiation is very important. People of all races are vulnerable to the sun's harmful rays, and having a suburban or tan are sign that your skin has been damaged by the radiation.
UV radiation breaks chemical bonds in your skin tissue and with prolonged exposure, your skin may wrinkle or skin cancer may develop. UVA rays cause the skin to age and develop long-term effects like wrinkles. UVB rays cause sunburns and most skin cancers are attributed to UVB. However, both UVA and UVB rays are thought to damage cells’ DNA, resulting in skin cancer.
How to protect yourself from harmful UV radiation?
Even though using SPH (Sunscreen) is highly recommended, however, it is not even near enough to protect your skin. In order to safeguard your skin, there are some additional methods that must be used to protect the skin, including applying sunscreen.
Wear tightly woven clothing that covers the arms, torso, and legs
Don a hat that shades the entire head
Seek shade whenever possible
Avoid outdoor activities during periods of peak sunlight
Lastly, use sunscreen in conjunction with the above measures
What are the symptoms of skin cancer?
In order to be more aware, and prevent the worse from happening, follow the ABCDEs of Melanoma, during a self-exam of moles, to check the signs and then make an appointment with a dermatologist.
Asymmetry: Melanoma is usually not symmetrical, non-cancerous moles are uniform and symmetrical.
Border: Non-cancerous moles usually have smooth, well-defined borders.
Colour: Varies from one area to another. Shades of tan.
Diameter: Normally larger than 6mm in diameter.
Evolving: Over time there’s a change in shape, size, or colour