Vitamin B12, also known as Cobalamin, is a water-soluble vitamin that plays a key role in the normal functioning of the brain and nervous system. Vitamin B12 is involved in the formation of blood cells, DNA synthesis and energy production. It increases your concentration and boosts your memory system. It delays ageing and protects the immune system. Vitamin B12 is also used to treat several diseases like depression, anemia, heart disorders, diabetes, AIDS, swollen tendons and bowel diseases.
Natural sources rich in Vitamin B12 are food items like meat, dairy products and fish. Lack of Vitamin B12 in the body can lead to its deficiency. There are several causative factors of Vitamin B12 deficiency. Some of them are:
ernicious Anaemia- The most common cause of Vitamin B12 deficiency is Pernicious anaemia. It is an immune condition that is caused by the lack of a protein called intrinsic factor that is needed to absorb Vitamin B12 from the food into the body. It is more commonly observed in older people.
Vegetarian Diet- Those who follow a strict vegetarian are at a greater risk of developing Vitamin B12 deficiency. The rich natural sources of Vitamin B12 are eggs, meat, fish and dairy products.
Digestive diseases like coeliac disease, crohn’s disease and bacterial growth