Sir Surendra Nath Banerjee was born on November 10, 1848, was one of the early Indian political leaders of the British Raj. He founded the Indian National Committee and later became a senior leader of the Indian National Congress. He was also known as the Rashtraguru (teacher of the nation) who was awarded him as a title.
Banerjee was one of the few senior "liberal" leaders of the Congress who favoured reservation and dialogue with the British, after the extremists who advocated revolution and political freedom. Banerjee was an important figure in the indigenous movement, advocating for a product manufactured in India against foreign products, his popularity had brought him to the top.
Even the British respected him and during later years the British used to call him "Surrender Not" Banerjee. He was elected to the Legislative Council for the Reform of Bengal in 1921, was given the title of 'Night' the same year and served as Minister for Local Self-Government from 1921 to 1924. He lost the election in 1923. He passed away on 6th August 1925 at Barrackpore.