Hunger is more than just a need to eat, it is the ongoing deprivation of a person of the nourishment necessary to sustain a healthy lifestyle, according to food and health experts. Nutrition is the more technical term for the same. Children's physical and mental development is slowed over time by hunger, making them more susceptible to illness and disease. Children who are malnourished frequently contract respiratory and diarrheal illnesses, as well as ailments like vitamin A deficiency, which can result in blindness, anaemia from iron shortage, and goitre from iodine deficit.
Adults who are malnourished lose weight, get gradually weaker, and develop apathy, a lack of imagination, and increased irritability. Though the world's news media tends to focus more on acute hunger or famine, it is important to keep in mind that the vast majority of hunger-related deaths result from illnesses and diseases related to nutrition rather than starvation.
One person is believed to die from hunger every four seconds, according to estimates, and during the 77th United Nations General Assembly in New York, 238 NGOs from 75 countries got together and submitted an open letter in which they said this.
The groups expressed their disapproval of the rising rates of hunger as well as their suggestions for taking action. Globally, 345 million people are reportedly suffering from severe hunger right now; this is an increase of more than twofold since 2019.
In the letter, it was stated that hunger is once again impending in Somalia despite pledges from world leaders to ensure that it never occurs again in the twenty-first century. In 45 countries throughout the world, 50 million people are in danger of becoming hungry. The letter demanded prompt international action to stop the growing hunger catastrophe on a worldwide scale.
Based on the estimate that 19,700 people perish from famine every single day, or one death every four seconds, the conversion between the number of deaths and seconds was made.
The problem has gotten worse as a result of a number of causes, including the COVID-19 pandemic's aftereffects, the inflation that keeps rising, and of course the Russia-Ukraine conflict, which has driven up the price of food globally even more.
One person is expected to die of hunger every 48 seconds in Ethiopia, Kenya, and Somalia, countries that have been devastated by drought, according to a report released a few months ago by Oxfam and Save the Children. The issue has only become worse, with low-income countries like those in Africa and Asia suffering the most. Although the first world countries have so far avoided the crisis, action should be done as soon as it is realised that one is coming.