The World Health Organization's new report on tuberculosis is alarming. According to the Global Tuberculosis Report-2021, the year 2020 had the greatest number of TB fatalities in the previous decade. Only 5 lakh of the total 15 lakh fatalities have been reported in India. This is higher than the number of fatalities caused by corona previous year. According to the study, mortality rates increased by roughly 13 percent in 2020 when compared to 2019. Corona is one of the main reasons for this, since it has an impact on the treatment of tuberculosis patients.
The WHO's goal was to reduce tuberculosis mortality by 35% between 2015 and 2020, but this goal was not accomplished. There was just a 9.2 percent reduction. WHO has encouraged nations to invest in better TB treatment in its report.
TB, how it spreads and ways to prevent it
Mycobacterium tuberculosis is the bacteria that causes tuberculosis. Which affects the lungs directly. Then it spreads to other regions of the body. A TB patient's saliva contains germs that can infect other people. When a TB patient sneezes, coughs, or talks, he or she has a good chance of becoming infected.
Yes, however not every TB infection is harmful; if the immune system is strong, the germs will not be able to infect. It affects those with a weakened immune system sooner and for a longer amount of time. A diabetic patient, for example, or someone who smokes. As a result, the infection rate skyrockets in such a circumstance.
Swelling of the throat, abdominal swelling, headaches, and convulsions are all symptoms of severe tuberculosis. It is possible to totally cure tuberculosis, so if this occurs, be sure to take your medications on time and finish the course.