How Many Hours and How Much Exercise Should Be Done According to Age? Know WHO's Opinion
How Many Hours and How Much Exercise Should Be Done According to Age? Know WHO's Opinion
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Maintaining fitness is essential for both mental and physical well-being. Health experts recommend regular exercise to achieve this balance. However, understanding how much exercise is needed daily can be confusing. The World Health Organization (WHO) has provided clear guidelines to help people of different age groups incorporate the right amount of exercise into their routines.

WHO Guidelines on Exercise
The WHO has outlined specific exercise recommendations based on age, emphasizing the importance of regular physical activity for longevity and overall health. According to WHO, individuals who exercise regularly have a 20 to 30 percent lower risk of mortality compared to those who do not. Despite this, many people still do not meet the necessary exercise levels.

Children (Ages 5-17)
Duration: At least 1 hour of moderate to vigorous physical activity daily.
Type: Activities should include aerobic exercises such as running, swimming, or cycling.
Frequency: At least 3 days a week, activities should be of high intensity to strengthen muscles and bones.
Engaging in regular physical activity helps children build strong bones and muscles, improves cardiovascular health, and supports overall growth and development.

Young Adults (Ages 18-64)
Duration: 2 to 3 hours of exercise per day.
Type: A combination of moderate-intensity aerobic activity, such as brisk walking or dancing, and vigorous-intensity activities like running or aerobic dancing.
Frequency: Muscle-strengthening activities should be done on 2 or more days a week.
For young adults, regular exercise enhances muscle strength, improves flexibility, supports cardiovascular health, and helps in maintaining a healthy weight.

Older Adults (Ages 65+)
Duration: At least 150 to 300 minutes of moderate-intensity aerobic physical activity, or 75 to 150 minutes of vigorous-intensity aerobic physical activity throughout the week.
Type: A mix of aerobic and muscle-strengthening activities. Additionally, activities to improve balance and prevent falls are recommended at least 3 days a week.
Frequency: Muscle-strengthening activities should be done on 2 or more days a week.
For older adults, regular physical activity helps maintain physical function, reduces the risk of chronic diseases, improves balance and coordination, and promotes mental well-being.

Benefits of Exercise
Engaging in regular physical activity offers numerous benefits:

Weight Management: Helps in maintaining a healthy weight and prevents obesity.
Disease Prevention: Reduces the risk of chronic diseases such as heart disease, stroke, type 2 diabetes, and certain cancers.
Improved Mood: Enhances mental health by reducing symptoms of depression and anxiety.
Increased Energy: Boosts overall energy levels and reduces feelings of fatigue.
Better Sleep: Promotes restful and quality sleep.

Incorporating the right amount of exercise into your daily routine is crucial for maintaining overall health and well-being. By following WHO's guidelines, individuals can ensure they are getting the appropriate amount of physical activity for their age group. Regular exercise not only improves physical health but also supports mental well-being, contributing to a longer and healthier life.

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