The government has announced that Germany's nuclear phase-out will proceed with the permanent closure of the country's final three nuclear reactors by the end of the year.
The operating licences for the three nuclear power facilities will not be extended when they expire at the end of 2021. According to media reports, the plants will go off-grid by the end of 2022."At that point, Germany's nuclear phase-out will be complete," the German government stated. After the Fukushima disaster in 2011, former German Chancellor Angela Merkel ordered that all nuclear power plants be inspected for safety. As a result, Germany's nuclear energy phase-out has been delayed.
According to the Federal Statistical Office (Destatis), coal, natural gas, and nuclear energy combined for over 57 percent of power generated in Germany and supplied into the system in the third quarter (Q3) of 2021. Germany's nuclear energy share increased from 12.9 percent last year to 14.2 percent in the third quarter of 2021.The German government stated that "dismantling should begin as soon as possible" once the nuclear power plants were shut down, because a nuclear facility might "represent a risk to people and the environment even after it has ceased operation."
However, the final repository for high-level radioactive waste is still being discussed. The government hopes to finish this procedure by 2031, and nuclear waste will be kept at the final site starting in 2050.