Gudi Padwa also called Ugadi, is the New Year's Day for the Hindus of Karnataka, Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, and Telangana states in India. It is festively observed in these regions on the first day of the Hindu lunisolar calendar month of Chaitra. This typically falls in March or April of the Gregorian calendar.
It is called as Gudi Padwa in Maharashtra and in Karnataka, the festival is celebrated as Yugadi.
In south, the day is observed by drawing colorful patterns on floor called kolamulus (Kannada: Rangoli), mango leaf decorations on doors called toranalu (Kannada: Toranagalu), buying and giving gifts such as new clothes, giving charity to the poor, special bath followed by oil treatment, preparing and sharing a special food called pachadi, and visiting Hindu temples.
The pachadi is a notable festive food that combines all flavours – sweet, sour, salty, bitter. In the Telugu and Kannada Hindu traditions, it is a symbolic reminder that one must expect all flavours of experiences in the coming new year and make the most of them.
The name Yugadi or Ugadi is derived from the Sanskrit words yuga (age) and adi (beginning): "the beginning of a new age". Yugadi or Ugadi falls on "Chaitra Shudhdha Paadyami" or the first day of the bright half of the Indian month of Chaitra.
The people of Telangana state and Andhra Pradesh use the term Ugadi and Karnataka use the term Yugadi for this festival.