Kollam's rich history and top 5 must-visit places
Kollam's rich history and top 5 must-visit places

Kollam, also known as Quilon, is a captivating city located in the southern Indian state of Kerala. This picturesque destination is renowned for its scenic beauty, historic significance, and cultural heritage. With a history spanning several centuries, Kollam offers a plethora of attractions and experiences for travelers seeking a blend of history, nature, and spirituality. In this article, we will take a deep dive into the history of Kollam and explore the top five must-visit places in this enchanting city.

Tangasseri Lighthouse:

Our journey through the historical wonders of Kollam begins with the iconic Tangasseri Lighthouse. Standing tall on the shores of the Arabian Sea, this lighthouse is an architectural marvel and a testament to Kollam's maritime heritage. Built by the British in the early 20th century, it offers breathtaking panoramic views of the surrounding landscape. The lighthouse also serves as a reminder of Kollam's strategic location as an important trading port in ancient times.

Thangassery Fort:

Adjacent to the Tangasseri Lighthouse lies the magnificent Thangassery Fort. Originally built by the Portuguese in the 16th century, this fort played a crucial role in the colonial history of Kollam. Over the years, it changed hands between the Portuguese, Dutch, and British before finally falling under the control of the Travancore kingdom. Today, the fort stands as a living testament to Kollam's historical significance and offers visitors a chance to explore its ancient ramparts and admire the stunning views of the sea.

Ashtamudi Lake:

Ashtamudi Lake, often referred to as the "Gateway to the Backwaters," is a tranquil and scenic water body that lies in the heart of Kollam. This lake is the second-largest in Kerala and offers a serene retreat away from the bustling city life. Exploring the backwaters of Ashtamudi Lake on a traditional houseboat is an experience like no other. It allows visitors to witness the beauty of Kollam's surrounding villages, lush greenery, and abundant birdlife.

Kollam Beach:

No visit to Kollam is complete without a visit to its pristine sandy beaches. Kollam Beach, also known as Mahatma Gandhi Beach, is a popular spot for both locals and tourists. The beach offers a perfect blend of natural beauty and recreational activities. Visitors can take leisurely strolls along the shoreline, indulge in thrilling water sports, or simply bask in the warmth of the sun while enjoying breathtaking sunsets. The beach also hosts various cultural events and festivals throughout the year.

Palaruvi Waterfalls:

Located amidst the dense forests of the Western Ghats, Palaruvi Waterfalls is a mesmerizing natural wonder that must not be missed. With its name translating to "Stream of Milk," this waterfall cascades down from a height of about 300 feet, creating a spectacular sight. The surrounding lush greenery and the soothing sound of water make it an ideal spot for nature enthusiasts and adventure seekers alike. Visitors can take a refreshing dip in the pool at the base of the falls and relish the serenity of the surroundings.

Historical Significance of Kollam:

Kollam has a rich and diverse history that dates back to ancient times. It served as a major trading port and commercial center, attracting merchants from various parts of the world. The city was known for its spice trade, particularly in pepper, which brought prosperity and international recognition to the region.

Kollam was an important part of the ancient maritime Silk Route that connected India with China, Arabia, and Europe. Traders from ancient Rome, Greece, and Egypt frequented the shores of Kollam, leaving their cultural imprints on the city. The arrival of the Portuguese, followed by the Dutch and the British, further enhanced Kollam's significance as a trading hub.

Apart from its maritime importance, Kollam was also a center for religious and cultural activities. The city is home to numerous temples, churches, and mosques that reflect the harmonious coexistence of various faiths. The annual Kollam Pooram festival, celebrated at the Asramam Sree Krishna Swamy Temple, is a grand spectacle that attracts devotees from all over.

Kollam, with its rich historical heritage and stunning natural beauty, offers an unforgettable experience for travelers. From its ancient lighthouse and fort to the serene backwaters and captivating waterfalls, the city has something to offer to every visitor. Exploring the historical sites and immersing oneself in the cultural tapestry of Kollam is truly an enriching experience. So, plan your visit to Kollam and embark on a journey through time, discovering the hidden treasures of this remarkable city.

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