Not only adults, but children also struggle with these 4 types of heart diseases
Not only adults, but children also struggle with these 4 types of heart diseases

Experts are very concerned about the problem of heart disease because it is spreading rapidly throughout the world. Heart disease was once thought to be a problem that only affected people in their 50s and 60s, but these days even younger people are becoming victims of it.

Just imagine the difficulty this type of disease presents in managing it in children. Heart disease affects adults and is very difficult to manage. Each year, it is thought that 40,000 kids are born with a congenital heart condition or defect. Globally, 3 to 5 million children suffer from chronic rheumatic heart disease, and Kawasaki disease, the most common heart disease in children under the age of five, is diagnosed in more than 4000 children each year. the main contributing factor. Children who develop heart disorders later in childhood are more likely to have heart defects. These can be brought on by an infection, an immune reaction, or a number of other factors. Children with common heart defects include:

Congenital heart disease (CHD)

A type of heart disease known as congenital heart disease affects infants who are born with a heart defect. Congenital heart disease (CHD) is thought to affect 1% of newborns each year. It has a variety of effects on kids, including these issues:

Heart valve disorders involve narrowing of the aortic valve, which restricts blood flow.

Hypoplastic left heart syndrome: where the left side of the heart is not fully developed.

Conditions like ventricular septal defect, patent ductus arteriosus, and atrial septal defect result in holes in the walls between the various heart chambers and between the main blood vessels leading out of the heart.

A narrow passageway between the right ventricle and the pulmonary artery, a displaced aorta, a hole in the ventricular septum, and a thickened right side of the heart are all components of the tetralogy of Fallot.

Kawasaki disease

In Kawasaki disease, the heart muscle and coronary arteries become inflamed as a result of the body's immune system attacking healthy tissue. Worldwide, Kawasaki disease continues to be a major contributor to pediatric cardiovascular disease. In addition to a fever that lasts longer than five days, Kawasaki disease non-cardiac symptoms also include a body rash, red eyes, swollen or cracked lips, a dark red tongue, swollen hands and feet, and swollen lymph nodes.

Heart murmurs

Heart murmurs are an abnormal sound made when the blood flow inside the heart is disturbed. This sound is frequently disregarded because it can occasionally be harmless while also serving as a warning sign for serious illnesses.


Atherosclerosis is a condition where fatty and cholesterol-filled plaques accumulate inside the arteries. This causes the arteries to narrow and harden, increasing the risk of blood clots and heart attacks. It is unusual for children to develop atherosclerosis because it typically takes many years to develop.

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