Proponents of Sustainable Mining: Model Mines by Adani Coal Project, Tata Steel, Hindustan Zinc

Indian mining firms like CIL, Tata Steel Limited, Hindustan Zinc Limited, and Adani Group’s coal project have adopted sustainable mining routines, inspiring industry peers to follow suit.

A handful of states and provinces in Australia, India, Russia, and China are accountable for 77 percent (1.7 billion tonnes per annum) of new mine activity as per an analysis which surveyed 432 proposed coal projects globally.

While these nations embark on the coal production journey, they need to ensure effective implementation of sustainable mining techniques, not just to protect the environment and public health but also to enhance the lifespan of the mining industry.

In an attempt to completely restore the entire ecosystem, Indian mining operations have adopted an efficient and effective development process for proper rehabilitation and mine reclamation. Indian mining operators like Coal India Limited (CIL), Hindustan Zinc Limited, Tata Steel Limited, and Adani coal projects are tediously shifting towards sustainable mining practices and eco-friendly solutions.

The New Mineral Policy 2019 takes into account the necessary discursive view to decide upon the land use as per the developmental and ecological/environmental needs of the area to be mined.

 Sesa Sterlite Limited set forth one such example of sustainable mining by applying biotechnology solutions for the recovery of the mine site after mine closure by restoring the dilapidated land to acceptable levels.

Tata Steel Limited and Hindustan Zinc Limited have adopted pre-eminent sustainable mining routines for rescuing mine water and disposing of mine tailings in Noamundi Iron Ore Mine and Rampura Agucha Zinc Mine respectively.

Additionally, Adani coal projects in different states, notably in Chhattisgarh, have deployed numerous initiatives towards green belt development and environmental protection. The company has adopted green mining techniques like surface mining, progressive land reclamation, and geo blanketing around the project sites.

Turning out to be a responsible mining firm, Adani coal the project further deployed state of the art tree transplantation technology for the development of thick green belts around the mining sites, to reclaim and restore the mining land. The group is already making use of the latest technology - GIS and UAVs for land restoration and for safety and surveillance purposes.

Advanced technologies like Electrostatic Precipitators, Dust Control Systems, Scrubbers, Acid Mist Suppressants, etc., are adopted by big mining firms but mass-scale adoption is yet to be significantly seen for the entire Indian mining sector.

In this regard, the sector needs to be supported by a robust legislative and regulatory network, affordable technologies, effective administration of New Minerals Policy 2019, and best international and domestic process practices.

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