Assam and Meghalaya have been in a border dispute for the longest time which stretches on a 884 km of border area. And after the Meghalaya high court decision both the states have moved to Supreme Court to setlle their border dispute.
The bench of Chief Justice D Y Chandrachud, Justice P S Narasimha and Justice J B Pardiwala considered the matter as urgent, after the High Court have put an stay order on the operation of inter-state pact of Memorandum of Understanding betwen both states.
This understanding has been created to resolve the long going border dispute between the states which was signed by the Meghalaya Chief Minister Conrad K Sangam and his counterpart Himanta Biswa Sarma in March for demarcating the border in at least six of the 12 contested locations and this have been decided in August to form regional committees. And the six areas are Langpih in West Khasi Hills Districts, Borduar, Nongwah-Mawtamur, Deshdoomreah, Block-II in Ri Bhoi district and Block-I, Psiar-Khanduli in West jaintia Hills districts.
Single judge bench led by Justice H. S. Thangkhiew of Meghalaya High Court on December 9 has ordered the interim stay on physical demarcation or erection of boundary in connection with an inter-State border pact and passed the next hearing date for February 6, 2023, on a petition filed by four traditional chiefs of Meghalaya. The chiefs in their petition has communiciated that the high court set aside the MoU signed by both states Assam and Meghalaya claiming that it has voilated the provision of Sixth schedule of the constitution, which deals with special provisions for administration of tribal areas.
The four traditional chiefs are- Syiem of Jirang R Hamberly Wahlang, Acting Syiem of Hima Mylliem Ainam Manik, Sirdar of Nonglang Sirdarship Pholasly Nianglang and Acting Chief of Nongspung Syiemship Erald Jyrwa.
Justice Thangkhiew has said that "It is however understood that during the intervening period, no physical demarcation or erection of boundary posts on the ground, pursuant to the MoU dated 29.03.2022 shall be carried out, till the next date".
The state government has formed and asked three regional committees to present status on the six remaining areas of disputes shared with Assam and examine and present their reports status within a period of 45 days.
Sangam said that "we have discussed the facts that were needed to take care of to ensure that this does not happen in the coming future and that there should be restrain orders from both the sides and all other factors to ensure there is peace and no tension, especially in the border areas".