Sri Lanka banned import of organic fertilisers made in China after state agriculture authorities detected harmful bacteria in them for the second time. Director-General of Agriculture, Ajantha De Silva has urged the government to cancel the fertiliser contract with China and insisted that he would never allow organic fertiliser with harmful bacteria to enter the country.
Sri Lanka was to import 99,000 metric tonnes of organic fertiliser at a cost of USD 63 million from China's Qingdao Seawin Biotech Group Co Ltd. On September 17, agriculture scientists in Sri Lanka found that China manufactured organic fertilisers contained a microorganism identified as 'Erwinia'.
Agriculture experts warned that China's organic fertiliser importation would create an agricultural disaster in the island nation. The Agriculture Ministry too confirmed this later but the Minister alleged that the samples which came to Sri Lanka could have tampered. Subsequently, new samples of China's organic fertilisers were brought to Sri Lanka and the DG Agriculture told the media that the new samples too were infected with bacteria. De Silva said though the presence of Erwinia could not be confirmed, the presence of harmful bacteria in this new sample was confirmed.
The hasty decision has created chaos as rice farmers who were to start the biggest Maha season in September were without fertiliser. Economists opined that the govt decision to stop chemical fertiliser was a result of forex shortages and a lack of dollar reserves for imports.