What are the signs of prostate cancer, do you also have this?
What are the signs of prostate cancer, do you also have this?

Prostate cancer is a type of cancer that occurs in the prostate gland, a small walnut-shaped gland in men that produces seminal fluid. It's one of the most common types of cancer in men. But how can you tell if you have it? Let’s break down the signs and symptoms.

Why Awareness Matters

Awareness of prostate cancer signs is crucial because early detection can significantly improve treatment outcomes. Prostate cancer often grows slowly and might not cause symptoms until it's advanced. Understanding the early signs can be a lifesaver.

Early Signs of Prostate Cancer

Frequent Urination

One of the earliest signs of prostate cancer is frequent urination, especially at night. If you find yourself waking up multiple times to use the bathroom, it could be a red flag.

Difficulty Starting Urination

Experiencing trouble starting urination or holding back urine can indicate prostate issues. This symptom, known as urinary hesitancy, is often caused by the prostate pressing against the urethra.

Weak or Interrupted Flow of Urine

A weak urine stream or stopping and starting mid-flow could be a sign. The tumor may obstruct the urethra, disrupting normal urine flow.

Pain or Burning During Urination

Painful or burning urination is another symptom. While this can be caused by other conditions, such as urinary tract infections, it should not be ignored.

Advanced Signs of Prostate Cancer

Blood in Urine or Semen

Finding blood in your urine or semen is alarming and should prompt immediate medical attention. This could be a sign that cancer has progressed.

Erectile Dysfunction

Prostate cancer can impact sexual health, leading to erectile dysfunction. This can occur due to cancer itself or as a side effect of treatments.

Discomfort in the Pelvic Area

Persistent pain or discomfort in the pelvic area, hips, or thighs might indicate that cancer has spread. This pain can be dull or sharp and persistent.

Bone Pain

Bone pain, particularly in the back, hips, or ribs, can occur when prostate cancer spreads to the bones. This pain is often severe and continuous.

Non-Specific Symptoms

Unexplained Weight Loss

Losing weight without trying is a common sign of many cancers, including prostate cancer. If you notice sudden weight loss, consult your doctor.


Feeling excessively tired or weak can be a symptom of cancer. Fatigue from prostate cancer can be overwhelming and persistent.

Swelling in Legs or Feet

Swelling or edema in the legs and feet can occur when prostate cancer spreads to lymph nodes, blocking the lymphatic system.

Understanding Risk Factors


The risk of prostate cancer increases with age, particularly after 50. Men over 65 are at the highest risk.

Family History

A family history of prostate cancer significantly increases your risk. If your father or brother had prostate cancer, you should be vigilant about screening.


African American men have a higher risk of developing and dying from prostate cancer. The reasons for this disparity are not fully understood but could be due to genetic and socioeconomic factors.

Diet and Lifestyle

Diets high in red meat and high-fat dairy products may increase the risk. A healthy diet rich in fruits and vegetables can lower your risk.

Diagnostic Tests for Prostate Cancer

PSA Test

The Prostate-Specific Antigen (PSA) blood test measures the level of PSA in the blood. Elevated levels can indicate prostate cancer, though other conditions can also cause high PSA levels.

Digital Rectal Exam (DRE)

During a DRE, a doctor feels the prostate through the rectum to check for abnormalities. This test can detect hard areas or lumps.


If PSA or DRE results are concerning, a biopsy might be recommended. This involves taking a small tissue sample from the prostate to check for cancer cells.

Living with Prostate Cancer

Treatment Options

Treatment depends on the stage and grade of the cancer. Options include active surveillance, surgery, radiation therapy, hormone therapy, and chemotherapy.

Managing Side Effects

Treatments can have side effects such as urinary incontinence and erectile dysfunction. Discuss these with your doctor to manage them effectively.

Support Systems

Living with prostate cancer can be challenging. Support groups and counseling can help you and your family cope with the emotional aspects of the disease.

Proactive Health Measures

Regular Screening

Men over 50 should discuss prostate cancer screening with their doctor. Those with higher risk factors may need to start earlier.

Healthy Lifestyle Choices

Maintaining a healthy weight, exercising regularly, and eating a balanced diet can help reduce your risk.

Stay Informed

Keep up with the latest research and recommendations on prostate cancer. Knowledge is power when it comes to your health. Understanding the signs of prostate cancer and taking proactive measures can make a significant difference in outcomes. If you experience any of the symptoms mentioned, consult your healthcare provider promptly. Early detection is key to successful treatment.

How Eating Right Can Ward Off Disease and Slow Aging

Know This Skincare Routine That Erases Years in Just One Week

Be Positive: How a Positive Mindset Can Transform Your Health

Join NewsTrack Whatsapp group
Related News