Buzzing of Musquitoes will now help in determining their breed

Nov 14 2017 08:43 AM
Buzzing of Musquitoes will now help in determining their breed

The buzzing of the mosquito probably annoys everyone. But now it has become an effective weapon to identify their race. This is due to mosquitoes' Species-specific wingbeat frequencies. Scientists will now use the special wingbeat frequency as a surveillance tool. Help is being taken by people from all over the world and their mobile phones. 

People must record mosquitoes' sound
In this, people have to record at least one second sound of mosquito buzz from their mobile and upload it to the audio website. After this, Stanford University researchers feed it into Abuzz. Abuzz is a new system, which recognizes the species of mosquitoes in a few seconds depending on the uploaded sound. Researchers have explained the detail about Abuzz in the study published in Elife. Abuzz requires mobile with an internet connection. Modern phone records also record additional parameters such as time and location. They are also required in the surveillance. 

Data will be put online in the world map

The study author Manu Prakash said, 'This data will be put online on a world map. Users can search their own or other people's data. Kristin Kurihara and Rebecca Conte are other researchers related to this study. The Mosquito Surveillance (Monitoring of mosquitoes) holds great importance for India. Especially when mosquito-borne diseases are increasing in India. Dr. Kalpana Barua, joint director of the National Vector Borne Disease Control Program, says, "Each species of mosquito has different biology. Similarly, their Breeding Habits are also different. Surveillance helps us to target other measures, including insecticides. Also, help prevent mosquito registrations. ' 

Online training program will start soon
He said that the new approach looks absolutely unique, but before making any comment on this, its operational feasibility will be seen. At the same time, Prakash told that the system was tested in India. He said, 'I went to Delhi for Diwali and tested this system there. Delhi is full of Aedes Aizpi. I recorded the sound of many mosquitoes and trained many locals to do this. We are conducting workshops around this world. We will soon start an online training program for interested people. Work is also being done on the app. ' 

Field Trials Made in the Villages
Researchers studied eight mobile sets for the study, the cost of these handsets was between $ 20-700. There was a slight difference in the wingbeat frequency recorded between one and the other. Field trials were done in Madagascar's tropical villages. According to the study, "In the village efforts to find out the spread of mosquitoes in two species, it is revealed that there is considerable variation in the proportion of Anopheles and Culex mosquitoes."

According to Prakash, "Our study focuses on 20 most important mosquitoes, which spread diseases among humans. The goal of connecting people around the world is to increase this database, including all known species of mosquitoes. Species of mosquitoes are increasing in our database, but now we have to do a lot of work ahead. In the first phase, we will also recruit super users, who will work with them in the field to record the mosquito's sound and identify them. "

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