High blood sugar can cause blindness, know how to prevent
High blood sugar can cause blindness, know how to prevent

High blood sugar, also known as diabetes, is a serious health problem that can affect many organs in the body, including the eyes. If diabetes is not controlled, it can lead to a complication called diabetic retinopathy, which can lead to blindness.

What is diabetic retinopathy?

Diabetic retinopathy is a condition in which the small blood vessels in the eyes become damaged due to diabetes. It damages the retina, which is the part of the eye that senses light and sends images to the brain.

Symptoms of Diabetic Retinopathy:

  • blurred vision
  • floating spots in eyes
  • difficulty seeing colors
  • loss of vision at night
  • blindness

How to prevent diabetic retinopathy:

  • Control your blood sugar: It is important to use a healthy diet, regular exercise, and medication to control diabetes.
  • Get your eyes checked regularly: Diabetics should get their eyes checked at least once a year.
  • Quit smoking: Smoking increases the risk of diabetic retinopathy.
  • Control high blood pressure and high cholesterol: These conditions can also increase the risk of diabetic retinopathy.

Treatment of Diabetic Retinopathy:

Treatment of diabetic retinopathy depends on the severity of the disease. In the early stages, controlling blood sugar can help prevent or slow down the condition. In more severe cases, laser therapy or surgery may be required.

Prevention of blindness:

The best way to avoid blindness from diabetic retinopathy is to control your blood sugar and get your eyes checked regularly. If you are diagnosed with diabetic retinopathy, it is important to follow your doctor's instructions to control the condition and prevent blindness.

It is important to remember that blindness from diabetic retinopathy can be prevented. If you are diabetic, control your blood sugar and get your eyes checked regularly.

Additional Information:

  • National Health Portal on Diabetic Retinopathy: 
  • Indian Council of Medical Research on Diabetic Retinopathy: 

This article is for information only. It is in no way a substitute for medical advice. If you have any health problems, please consult your doctor.

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