How Vallabhbhai Patel became a Sardar and Iron Man, know 10 interesting things about him
How Vallabhbhai Patel became a Sardar and Iron Man, know 10 interesting things about him

On October 31st, the entire nation commemorates the 148th birth anniversary of Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel, fondly known as the Iron Man of India. A towering figure in the annals of Indian history, Sardar Patel was not only a visionary politician and administrator but also a distinguished lawyer, barrister, and a senior leader of the Indian National Congress. His legacy is one that encompasses not only the pre-independence struggles but also the post-independence contributions that continue to shape modern India. In honor of his indomitable spirit and invaluable service to the nation, his birth anniversary is celebrated as National Unity Day.

Let's delve into ten key aspects of Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel's life and his monumental contributions:

1. Early Marriage at the Age of 16

Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel was born on October 31, 1875, in a farmer's family in Nadiad, Gujarat. He was the fourth child of his parents and got married at the young age of 16. Tragically, his wife passed away when he was just 33 years old.

2. Transition from Law to Freedom Struggle

Sardar Patel was a skilled lawyer and pursued his studies as a barrister in London. However, he was profoundly influenced by Mahatma Gandhi's principles, which led him to join the Indian independence movement. He played a significant role in India's struggle for freedom. His first major contribution was leading the Kheda Satyagraha in 1918.

3. The Title "Sardar"

After successfully leading the Bardoli Satyagraha in 1928, Sardar Patel earned the honorific title of "Sardar" or "leader." Mahatma Gandhi addressed him as "Sardar" during this pivotal time.

4. Integration of Princely States

Post-independence, Sardar Patel served as India's first Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Home Affairs. He played a pivotal role in integrating 562 princely states into the newly formed Indian Union, a monumental task that demonstrated his extraordinary leadership and administrative acumen. His contribution to the unity of India cannot be overstated.

5. The "Iron Man" of India

Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel is often referred to as the "Iron Man of India" due to his unwavering determination and strong personality. He displayed exceptional courage and steadfastness in his efforts to unite the diverse regions of India.

6. The Statue of Unity

On October 31, 2018, a colossal statue called the "Statue of Unity" was unveiled in Gujarat, facing the Sardar Sarovar Dam on the Narmada River. This 182-meter (597-foot) statue is the tallest in the world and is dedicated to Sardar Patel. It symbolizes his role in unifying India.

7. Architect of All India Services

Sardar Patel recognized the importance of the Indian Civil Services in the governance of the country. He believed that a strong civil service would be the backbone of India's administration. He often referred to the civil services as the "steel frame" of India.

8. Crucial Role in Constitution Making

As a prominent member of the Constituent Assembly, Sardar Patel played a significant role in shaping the Indian Constitution. He chaired various provincial committees, contributing substantially to the framing of the Constitution.

9. National Unity Day

In recognition of Sardar Patel's pivotal role in unifying India, his birth anniversary is celebrated as National Unity Day. This practice began in 2014 and serves as a reminder of the importance of unity in a diverse nation like India.

10. Sardar Patel's Demise

Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel passed away on December 15, 1950, in Mumbai. In 1991, he was posthumously awarded the Bharat Ratna, India's highest civilian honor, in recognition of his exceptional contributions. Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel's legacy continues to inspire generations. He was not only a leader during India's fight for freedom but also a unifying force after independence. The Statue of Unity stands as a testament to his remarkable achievements and unwavering commitment to India's unity and progress. Sardar Patel's life and work serve as a beacon of hope and an enduring symbol of unity for the world's largest democracy.

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