Electric Cars Are Not Completely Safe, Know The Reasons

Aug 11 2019 01:21 PM
Electric Cars Are Not Completely Safe, Know The Reasons

The central government is making all-out efforts to promote electric vehicles through a number of schemes, including Fame-2. But it doesn't seem that electric vehicles are 100 per cent safe for safety. In recent times, there have been several cases of electric cars fire, which have raised serious safety questions. Let us know the full details

Fire: The recently launched long-range pure electric SUV in India caught fire in the Hyundai Kona. However, the fire incident took place in Le-Bizard, Canada, on July 26. The fire was reportedly caused by car charging, which raised questions over the credibility of electric cars that are considered to be extremely safe. However, this is not the first case of electric car fire this year itself.

Tesla Model S Electric Car Fire: Earlier on April 21, the Model S electric car of Tesla Motors, the world-renowned automaker that manufactures electric cars, caught fire. The car was parked in a parking lot in Shanghai at the time. CCTV footage showed that the car suddenly caught fire and spread immediately. Earlier, the new Tesla Model S, parked in the parking lot of Los Gatos, California, caught fire suddenly. After which, the car was pulled out, but the car continued to smolder.

The car kept burning for three days: this is not the first incident of Tesla cars being set on fire. Rather, many such cases have come to light. However, most of the incidents of fire in these cars came after road accidents. Although Tesla's cars alone caught fire, richard Hammond's recuscptor 1 electric car caught fire during the second season of The Grand Tour Series for Amazon Prime, the fire was so powerful that the car was burning for three days.

Dangerous to pour water on lithium-ion batteries: Petrol or diesel cars can be easily extinguished when they catch fire, as soon as the car is refueled, the fire starts to slow down. But this is not the case with lithium-ion battery-powered cars. Because even after the flames are extinguished, the battery retains energy and sparking, causing the car to catch fire again. Firefighters themselves believe that the fire spreads faster than the short circuit. The battery also uses chemical elements that catch fire soon.

The use of a wrong charger can cause fires: Experts say smartphones also use lithium-ion batteries, and there have been several frequent fire cases. Even laptops are not untouched by it. Electric cars also use lithium-ion batteries and if they get overheated, they are prone to bursts or fires. On the other hand, the use of the wrong chargers also causes fires.

It's hard to extinguish the lithium fire: CNR Rao, a recently Bharat Ratna Award-winning scientist, says that sodium or magnesium battery should be replaced by a lithium-ion battery. He says that lithium shortage is going to happen in the coming time. This will increase our dependence on China in the times to come. He said that if the lithium catches fire, then it is difficult to extinguish. He said an Australian has built a football field-sized lithium battery to power a city, but if it caught fire, it would be difficult to extinguish it. However, if sodium catches fire, it is possible to extinguish it.

Sodium Batteries: Scientist CNR Rao has expressed optimism that sodium batteries will come into the market soon. He said that everyone has lithium-cobalt batteries, but where are the lithium reserves? Lithium comes only from one factory, while cobalt comes from Congo. China has taken over the Congolese occupation. The Chinese have incredible foresight. More than half of Africa is under China's control, while India should also get cobalt mines. He also says that helium will soon become rare, reminding how it was discovered by Julius Jansen during a solar eclipse in Guntur in Andhra Pradesh.

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