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International Labour Day 2019: History, origin and theme of the day
International Labour Day 2019: History, origin and theme of the day

International Labour Day 2019 will be celebrated by the people (socialists and labour unions) all over the world on 1st of May, at Wednesday. International Labor Day theme 2019 is “Sustainable Pension for all: The Role of Social Partners”. There will be various events and programmes which will be organized by the industries and trade unions across the globe to celebrate the occasion. The programmes will mostly focus on the improvement of the conditions of the workforce.

Hind Mazdoor Sabha and Building & Woodworkers International organized a blood donation camp ahead of May Day where the workers donated around 45 units of blood. A free health checkup camp was also organized on the occasion where health checkups were conducted by the doctors and free medicine were also distributed to the workers and their families. Various awareness campaign drives will be organized on Labor Day across the nation to make the workforce aware about the laws and policies of the government so that they can utilize it for their betterment.

HISTORY AND ORIGIN OF INTERNATIONAL LABOUR DAY

International Workers’ Day is the big celebration on the world level and it is celebrated to commemorate the 4th of May of 1886, the Haymarket affair (Haymarket Massacre) in the Chicago. It is the big event of that year when workers were on the general strike for their eight-hour workday and police were doing their job of dispersing the general public from the crowd. Suddenly, a bomb was thrown over the crowd by an unidentified person and then police started firing over the workers and four demonstrators were killed.

Here is a real statement about the event: “Reliable witnesses testified that all the pistol flashes came from the center of the street, where the police were standing, and none from the crowd. Moreover, initial newspaper reports made no mention of firing by civilians. A telegraph pole at the scene was filled with bullet holes, all coming from the direction of the police.”

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It was decided to be celebrated on annual basis as an May Day in the meeting (in 1889) of Paris through a proposal by the Raymond Lavigne that international demonstrations is required to celebrate the anniversary of Chicago protests. In the year 1891, May Day was officially recognized by the International’s second congress to be celebrated as an annual event.

International Labour Day themes are planned by the members of the International labour day. Some of the themes are mentioned below:

 

The theme of International Labour Day of 2019 is “Sustainable Pension for all: The Role of Social Partners”.

The theme of International Labour Day of 2018 was “Uniting Workers for Social and Economic Advancement”.

The theme of International Labour Day of 2017 was “Celebrating the international labour movement”.

The theme of International Labour Day of 2016 was “Celebrating the international labour movement”.

The theme of International Labour Day of 2015 was “Construct the Future of Cameroon in Peace, Solidarity and Decent Work”.

The theme of International Labour Day of 2013 was “Let’s value work by providing the jobless with start-up capital support“.

The theme of International Labour Day of 2012 was “Promote Employment by Supporting Prospective Entrepreneurs”.

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