Youm-e-Ashura is celebrated on the 10th day of Muharram, ie on the 10th of the first month of the Islamic Hijri calendar. Today is the 10th date of Muharram, which is celebrated as mourning commemorating the martyrdom of Imam Hussain. These days are very special for the people of Islam. During this the Ismaili people mourn. Both Shia and Sunni Muslims celebrate Muharram. The Shia Muslims mourn from the first day of Muharram till the 10th day i.e. Ashura and on the day of martyrdom they shed their own blood in memory of Hussein, while Sunni Muslims take out the Tajiya on this day.
Muharram is the first month of the new year of the Islamic calendar, but Muslims celebrate it as sorrow. Especially, people of Shia community keep themselves away from all kinds of happiness throughout Muharram. Shia Muslims wear black clothes for 10 days of Muharram and celebrate mourning on the martyrdom of Imam Hussain. On the day of Yum-e-Ashura remembering the martyrdom of Imam Hussain, a procession is carried out on the streets and mourning is celebrated. There is also the custom of fasting in Muharram, but in this month, fasting depends on your wish. However, the belief is that by keeping fast in Muharram, the 'Rojedars'get a lot of blessings.
Imam Hussain was martyred in Karbala on the same day
According to a belief of Islam, there was a cruel king named Yazid in Iraq. Far from praying to Allah, he considered himself a Khalifa. When Hazrat Imam Hussain refused to join his convoy, Yajid did not tolerate it and started a war against Imam Hussain. In this war in Karbala, Iraq, Yajid's huge army of 80,000 soldiers faced Imam Hussain and his 72 brave men together.
In the ongoing war against Yajid, Imam Hussain along with his family, friends and colleagues were martyred in Karbala on 10th day of Muharram. Hazrat Imam Hussain was martyred to protect Islam on this day, so this day is also considered a symbol of victory of religion over unrighteousness.
Different beliefs about Muharram in Sunni-Shia
Both Sunni and Shia celebrate Muharram, but the beliefs differ between the two communities about it. On the day of Muharram, Shia Muslims take out Tajia in memory of the martyrs of Karbala and through this they pay tribute to them, while the Sunni community is right distribute sharbat, feed and help people in the grief of Imam Hussein Martyrdom.