Celiac disease is a problem people have with foods containing gluten. This damages the inside of your small intestine and this makes it difficult to absorb nutrients from your food. In children celiac disease can lead to slow growth and weaken bones and if not treated can get very serious.
Causes of celiac disease
Having certain genes can increase your chances of getting the disease. If a family member has the disease you are more likely to get it.
Symptoms of celiac disease
They may be very mild and go completely unnoticed, or they may be severe and impact daily life. Symptoms of celiac disease include changes in bowel movements, gas and bloating, feeling very tired, weight loss, abdominal pain, dental problems, bone pain, fatigue, diarrhea, poor appetite and skin rash. Some people vomit after they eat gluten. This is more likely to happen in children than in adults.
Treatment of celiac disease
It’s important to get treatment because celiac disease can lead to osteoporosis, anaemia and raise the risk of lymphoma. Avoid all foods that have gluten. Take help from a dietician and together find foods you like that don't have gluten. Within 2 weeks after starting a gluten-free eating diet, most people find that their symptoms start to get better. Some foods that are labelled wheat-free may still have gluten. Gluten can be in things you may not expect. Read the labels properly. Nutritional supplements, given through a vein, may be needed if the intestinal damage does not heal.