New Delhi: There have been many big wars in world history, which have lasted for years. Now look at World War I and World War II, which lasted for 4 years and 6 years respectively. But there has also been a war in the pages of history, which lasted only for 38 minutes, because in that time the enemies had surrendered. This war is known as the shortest war in history. It is said that this war was fought between England and Zanzibar.
Hamad bin Thuwaini ruled Zanzibar peacefully and responsibly for 3 years from 1893 to 1896, but he died on 25 August 1896. After Hamad bin Thuwaini, Thuwaini's nephew Khalid bin Barghash declared himself Sultan of Zanzibar and usurped the power of Zanzibar. Zanzibar was controlled by Britain, and Britain ordered Khalid to step down as Sultan, but Khalid ignored his order, and refused to obey his order.
Now Britain had only one way left to take Zanzibar under its control and that was war. So Britain sent its navy to attack Zanzibar with complete preparation and strategy. On the morning of 27 August 1896, the British Navy began bombarding the palace of Zanzibar with its ships and destroyed it. After this, a ceasefire was announced in just 38 minutes and the war ended. This is considered the shortest war in history.
Zanzibar was liberated from Britain in December 1963, but a month later a bloody revolution took place here. It is said that thousands of Arabs and Indians were killed in this revolution and thousands of people were expelled from Zanzibar. After this Zanzibar and Pemba republics were established. A few months later, this republic was incorporated into Tanganyika and later the United Republic of Tanganyika and Zanzibar was renamed the United Republic of Tanzania. Although Zanzibar is still a semi-autonomous region of Tanzania. There is a separate government here, which is known as the 'Revolutionary Government of Zanzibar'.