According to the Niti Aayog's multidimensional poverty index, Bihar, Jharkhand, and Uttar Pradesh are among the poorest states in the country (MPI). According to the measure, the poor make up 51.91 percent of Bihar's population. On the other side, poverty affects 42.16 percent of the people in Jharkhand and 37.79 percent of the population in Uttar Pradesh. Madhya Pradesh is placed fourth on the index with 36.65%, while Meghalaya is ranked fifth with 32.67 percent. Kerala (0.71%), Goa (3.76%), Sikkim (3.82%), Tamil Nadu (4.89%), and Punjab (5.59%) are the poorest states in the country and rank at the bottom of the index.
How was the report prepared?:
It was found that India's National Multifaceted Poverty Index is calculated using an internationally recognised and reliable methodology created by the Oxford Poverty and Human Development Initiative (OPHI) and the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) (UNDP). The multidimensional poverty index primarily analyses the family's economic state and hardship.
India is analysing three common dimensions in MPI, according to the information obtained so far: health, education, and standard of life. Nutrition, child and adolescent mortality, prenatal care, year of schooling, school attendance, cooking fuel, sanitation, drinking water, power, housing, property, and bank account are among the 12 factors considered. The Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) framework, which 193 nations accepted in 2015, redefines development strategies and government goals in order to track global development progress.
Rajiv Kumar, Vice Chairman of the NITI Aayog The development of India's National Multifaceted Poverty Index is an essential contribution toward building a public policy instrument, according to the index's preamble. It keeps track of multidimensional poverty and disseminates information on evidence-based and targeted interventions so that no one falls behind.
Rajiv Kumar went on to say that the National Family Health Survey (NFHS) for 2015-16 was used to compile the fundamental report of India's first national MPI. He claims that the National MPI is made up of 12 primary components that address issues such as health and nutrition, education, and living standards.