What should women eat and what not to eat during pregnancy, ICMR told
What should women eat and what not to eat during pregnancy, ICMR told

The Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) recently released comprehensive guidelines outlining dietary recommendations for pregnant women. These guidelines aim to ensure the optimal health of both the mother and the developing fetus during pregnancy.

Importance of Proper Nutrition During Pregnancy

Maintaining a balanced diet is crucial during pregnancy as it directly impacts the health and development of the baby. Adequate nutrition helps in preventing complications during pregnancy and childbirth while also reducing the risk of birth defects and ensuring the overall well-being of both mother and child.

Essential Nutrients for Pregnant Women

  1. Folic Acid: Folic acid plays a vital role in the development of the baby's neural tube, which eventually forms the brain and spinal cord. Pregnant women are advised to consume foods rich in folic acid such as leafy greens, citrus fruits, beans, and fortified cereals.

  2. Iron: Iron deficiency during pregnancy can lead to anemia, which may pose risks to both the mother and the baby. Iron-rich foods like lean meats, poultry, fish, beans, and fortified cereals should be included in the diet.

  3. Calcium: Calcium is essential for the development of the baby's bones and teeth. Dairy products like milk, cheese, and yogurt, as well as leafy greens and fortified foods, are excellent sources of calcium.

  4. Protein: Adequate protein intake is necessary for the growth and development of the baby's tissues. Pregnant women should consume protein-rich foods such as lean meats, poultry, fish, eggs, dairy products, legumes, and nuts.

  5. Omega-3 Fatty Acids: Omega-3 fatty acids are crucial for the development of the baby's brain and eyes. Sources of omega-3 fatty acids include fatty fish like salmon, walnuts, flaxseeds, and chia seeds.

Foods to Avoid During Pregnancy

  1. Raw or Undercooked Meats: Consuming raw or undercooked meats increases the risk of foodborne illnesses such as salmonella and listeriosis, which can be harmful to both the mother and the baby.

  2. Unpasteurized Dairy Products: Unpasteurized dairy products may contain harmful bacteria like Listeria, which can lead to infections during pregnancy. It is recommended to opt for pasteurized dairy products to minimize the risk of foodborne illnesses.

  3. Raw Seafood: Raw seafood, including sushi, should be avoided during pregnancy due to the risk of contamination with parasites and bacteria that can cause foodborne illnesses.

  4. High-Mercury Fish: Certain fish species such as shark, swordfish, king mackerel, and tilefish contain high levels of mercury, which can be harmful to the baby's developing nervous system. Pregnant women should limit their consumption of these fish and opt for low-mercury alternatives like salmon, trout, and sardines.

  5. Alcohol and Caffeine: Alcohol consumption during pregnancy can lead to fetal alcohol syndrome, causing developmental delays and birth defects. Similarly, excessive caffeine intake should be avoided as it may increase the risk of miscarriage and low birth weight.

Adhering to a well-balanced diet rich in essential nutrients is vital for the health and development of both the mother and the baby during pregnancy. By following the dietary recommendations provided by the ICMR, pregnant women can ensure a healthy pregnancy and give their baby the best possible start in life.

These are the 3 most expensive bikes sold in India, the price is so much that you will buy Audi-BMW

Lemon Rice: Learn to make South Indian dish 'Lemon Rice' in easy steps

Dhokla: Out of so many varieties of Dhokla, whose taste do you like?

Join NewsTrack Whatsapp group
Related News