Different reasons on diwali celebration; 'Why Diwali'
Different reasons on diwali celebration; 'Why Diwali'

The festival of lights Diwali or Deepawali has been celebrated across the country in the month of Kartik usually lasts five days, starting from Dhanteras, followed by Narak Chaturdashi (Chhoti Diwali), Lakshmi Pujan (Badi Diwali), Govardhan Puja and Bhai Dooj. The name Deepavali originates from two different Sanskrit words deep (lamp) and vali (row). Literal meaning is "row of lights". The festival is celebrated by lighting earthen lamps.

Even though Diwali is celebrated as a big Hindu festival, the day marks different events in different communities. Where ever it may be Diwali symbolises the spiritual "victory of light over darkness, good over evil, and knowledge over ignorance". We will see few reasons behind the celebration:

1. Lord Rama, Seetha and Laxmana's return to Ayodhya after winning Ravana

2. Krishna destoryed Narakasura. In Braj region of parts of Assam, and southern Tamil and Telugu communities, considers Narak Chaturdashi as the day on which Krishna killed Narakasura.

3. Pandava's return to Hastinapur after 14 years of exile

4. Birth of Goddess Lakshmi from Samuthra

5. Vishnu rescued Lakshmi

6. Bandi Chhor Diwas: The release of Guru Hargobind, the sixth Sikh Guru and 52 other Hindu kings, from captivity by Mughal emperor Jahangir on the day of Diwali, Sikhism relates Diwali to this historic event. 

7. Mahavira Nirvana Diwas: In Jainism, observe Diwali as the anniversary of Nirvana of Mahavira's soul, the twenty-fourth and last Jain Tirthankara of present cosmic age. Mahavira attained moksha (liberation) on Chaturdashi of Kartik month.

8. Maharshi Dayananda, founder of Arya Samaj attained Nirvana on the new moon day of Kartik.

9. Legendary Hindu King Maharaja Vikramaditya's coronation

10. Kali Puja: Celebrated in regions of Bengal, Mithila, Odisha, Assam, Sylhet, Chittagong and the town of Titwala in Maharashtra as the day is considered as the day of incarnation of Kamalatmika. 

11. Festival to mark the End of harvest season before winter

12. Diwali as New Year: In western states region across Gujarat and few northern Hindu communities of India, the festival of Diwali signifies the start of a financial new year literally.

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