India-US Sign Artemis Accords, ISRO-NASA to Launch Joint Mission 2024
India-US Sign Artemis Accords, ISRO-NASA to Launch Joint Mission 2024

WASHINGTON: In a momentous decision during Prime Minister Narendra Modi's State Visit to the United States, India has joined the Artemis Accords, marking a significant milestone in space exploration. The Artemis Accords, an extension of the Outer Space Treaty of 1967 (OST), provide a comprehensive framework of guidelines that govern the exploration and utilization of space in the modern era. As India becomes a signatory of these accords, it signifies a shared vision for space exploration, benefiting all of humankind.

Spearheaded by the United States, the Artemis Accords aim to facilitate the human return to the moon by 2025, serving as a pivotal step towards advancing space exploration to encompass Mars and other celestial destinations in the future. Although the accords are not legally binding, they provide essential principles and serve as a roadmap for international collaboration in civil space endeavors.

As a momentous outcome of the State Visit, India's space agency, the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO), and NASA have reached an agreement to embark on a joint space mission in 2024. This collaborative effort signifies a new chapter in space exploration, leveraging the expertise and resources of both nations. By pooling their knowledge and capabilities, India and the United States are poised to make remarkable strides in furthering our understanding of the cosmos.

Beyond space exploration, India and the United States are forging partnerships in the realm of semiconductors, aiming to foster supply chain diversification and technological advancement.

Micron Technology, in collaboration with the Indian National Semiconductor Mission, has unveiled ambitious plans for a substantial investment of over USD 800 million. This financial commitment, complemented by additional funding from Indian authorities, will pave the way for the establishment of a cutting-edge semiconductor assembly and test facility in India. With a total investment amounting to USD 2.75 billion, this state-of-the-art facility will bolster the semiconductor industry's growth and technological capabilities.

Another key player, Applied Materials, a prominent US-based company, is set to establish a state-of-the-art semiconductor center focused on commercialization and innovation within India. This strategic move will contribute to the development of groundbreaking semiconductor technologies and foster collaboration between Indian and American experts.

Recognizing the importance of skilled professionals in the semiconductor industry, Lamb Research, a leading semiconductor manufacturing equipment company, is preparing to launch a comprehensive training program known as "semi-verse solution." With this initiative, Lamb Research aims to empower and upskill up to 60,000 Indian engineers. By investing in training and development, this program will accelerate India's semiconductor workforce development objectives, driving innovation and growth in the sector.
India and the United States are also collaborating in various cutting-edge technologies, showcasing their commitment to mutual progress and innovation.

AI, Quantum Technologies, and Telecommunications
A significant agreement has been signed between India and the United States, focusing on the fields of artificial intelligence (AI) and quantum technologies. Indian quantum universities and entities are welcomed to collaborate with the Economic Development Consortium of the United States, fostering innovation and knowledge exchange.

Moreover, both nations are working together on advanced telecommunication systems, including the development of 5G and 6G technologies. By joining forces in the Open Radio Access Network (RAN) systems, India and the United States are at the forefront of shaping the future of telecommunications, promoting connectivity and technological advancement.

India's participation in the Artemis Accords, alongside the collaborative efforts in semiconductors and advanced technologies, exemplifies the nation's commitment to global partnerships and advancements. As India and the United States embark on joint space missions, drive semiconductor innovation, and explore new frontiers in technology, the stage is set for an exciting era of progress, pushing the boundaries of human knowledge and paving the way for a brighter future in space exploration and technological innovation.

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