Today is the birth anniversary of Chakravarti Rajagopalachari, a key freedom revolutionary who was once considered one of the prominent leaders of the Congress party and considered very close to Mahatma Gandhi. Born on December 10, 1878, in a Vaishnava Brahmin family, Rajagopalachari was called "Rajaji". Rajagopalachari started his studies from the government school in Hosur. For college, he then went to Central College in Bangalore, from where he graduated and enrolled in law at Presidency College, Madras.
Rajagopalachari raised his voice against the hypocrisy of casteism spread in Indian society since his college days. In a society where Dalits were forbidden to go to temples, he strongly protested for their rights. Apart from this, he also campaigned for the Agricultural Debt Relief Act law in 1938 for farmers. The signs of politics began to appear in Rajagopalachari since college days. In 1904, he joined the Congress in politics. In 1946, the interim government of Prime Minister Nehru gave him the responsibility of Minister of Industry and Commerce. Apart from this, after independence, Rajagopalachari was made the first Governor General of India.
In his political journey, he also became the Chief Minister of Madras in 1952. India's best civilian award, Bharat Ratna, was given to him in 1954 for serving the country through freedom struggle to politics. After some time he left Congress. Later, Rajagopalachari formed his own 'Anti-Congress Swatantra Party.'
Let us tell you that along with being political and revolutionary, Rajagopalachari was also fond of writing. He translated Ramayana, Mahabharata, and Gita into his own language. He was also honored by the Sahitya Akademi for the book 'Chakravarti Thirumgam'. Rajagopalachari, who has a good command of the Tamil language, also translated Ramayana into Tamil. During jail, he also wrote his book titled 'Meditation in Jail'. Rajagopalachari died on December 25, 1972, in Chennai at the age of 92.