Get ready for the highly anticipated Chandrayaan-3 mission set to launch from the Satish Dhawan Space Centre in Sriharikota, Andhra Pradesh. Scheduled for 2.35 PM IST on Friday, July 14, this mission aims to demonstrate a range of capabilities and achieve remarkable milestones on the lunar surface. Here are the ten latest updates:
Building upon the achievements of Chandrayaan-2, this mission strives to reach the moon's orbit, execute a soft landing with a dedicated lander, and deploy a rover to explore the lunar landscape.
Nambi Narayanan, former ISRO scientist, expressed his enthusiasm for India's ambitious space program and highlighted the significance of a successful landing, which would position India as the fourth nation to accomplish this feat. This achievement would pave the way for substantial development in space science within the country.
Currently, India holds a modest 2% share in the $600 billion space industry. Narayanan emphasized the potential for expanded opportunities with the inclusion of private participation in technology development, fostering the growth of startups in this sector.
A successful mission will secure India's membership in an elite club of nations that have achieved the remarkable milestone of landing on the moon. The United States, China, and the former Soviet Union are the existing members of this distinguished group.
The spacecraft will be launched using the powerful GSLV Mark 3 (LVM 3) heavy-lift launch vehicle. This launch marks ISRO's second attempt following the challenges faced during the soft landing phase of the Chandrayaan-2 mission in 2019.
As a gesture of reverence, ISRO scientists visited the Tirupathi Venkatachalapathy Temple in Andhra Pradesh with a miniature model of Chandrayaan-3. This pre-mission ritual was performed a day before the launch, showcasing India's technical prowess and audacious space exploration aspirations. If successful, Chandrayaan-3 will be the first spacecraft to land on the Moon's South Pole.
Chandrayaan-3 mission aims to demonstrate a safe and precise landing on the lunar surface, enabling the rover to conduct scientific experiments in-situ. ISRO has extended an invitation to citizens to witness the eagerly anticipated launch from the viewing gallery at Sriharikota. During the Chandrayaan-2 mission, ISRO faced the disappointment of losing contact with the lander just moments away from reaching the moon's surface.
Upon successful landing, the spacecraft will operate for approximately 14 Earth days, equivalent to one lunar day. K Sivan, former director of ISRO, expressed that the triumph of the Chandrayaan-3 mission would serve as a morale boost for future programs like Gaganyan.
The development phase of Chandrayaan-3 commenced in January 2020, with an initial plan for launch in 2021. However, the COVID-19 pandemic resulted in significant delays in the development process. Notably, the Chandrayaan-1 mission, launched in 2008, made a groundbreaking discovery by detecting water (H2O) and hydroxyl (OH) on the lunar surface, particularly in the polar region.
The primary scientific objective of this mission is to create a comprehensive three-dimensional atlas of the Moon's near and far sides, while also conducting detailed chemical and mineralogical mapping of the entire lunar surface. The Vikram Sarabhai Space Centre, under ISRO, has highlighted the significance of achieving high spatial resolution in these endeavors.