Chilean President Sebastian Pinera on Tuesday announced a state of emergency in the southern provinces of Biobio, Arauco, Malleco and Cautin, amid an escalation of violence in the conflict involving the indigenous Mapuche people. The state of emergency will last for two weeks and may be extended for another fortnight, in accordance with the Chilean Constitution.
"The serious situation requires the state to make use of institutional means, and constitutional mechanisms and laws to protect the population, safeguard public order and the rule of law, and ensure constitutionally recognized rights," the president said from the government palace in Santiago according to reports
The long-running conflict, which has persisted for decades between Mapuche indigenous communities claiming their ancestral lands and agricultural or forestry entities with deeds to the land, has led to outbursts of violence in recent years, with several community members, police and farmers being killed. Meanwhile, Mapuche groups are demanding the restitution of their ancestral lands in the Biobio and La Araucania regions in southern Chile.