New EU cybersecurity regulations may be required for web-connected devices

UK: Manufacturers of Internet-connected technology, such as baby monitors and Apple iPhone software, will have to comply with new cybersecurity standards in the EU or risk fines and/or withdraw their products, according to a draft proposal seen by Bloomberg.

The Cyber ​​Resilience Act is a new set of rules from the European Commission that will take effect next week and aim to enhance device security in the face of an increase in global online attacks. Software and hardware cybercrime caused approximately US$6 trillion in losses in just one year.

The Internet of Things was created as a result of the increasing connectivity of sensors and online connectivity to home appliances and other gadgets.

According to the draft, these products "may have a low level of cybersecurity, reflected by widespread vulnerabilities and inadequate and inconsistent provision of security updates to address them" and allow users to be "inadequately aware" of their level of security. " provide information.

According to the draft, “In a connected environment, a cybersecurity incident in a product can affect an entire organization or entire supply chain, often spreading across internal market boundaries within minutes.” It can cause "serious disruption of social and economic activities or even endanger life."

In order to be approved and sold locally, products must comply with a number of cyber standards under proposed EU regulations. If open-source products are not sold commercially, they are exempt from these requirements.

At the request of the Commission, any equipment sold in the region will be investigated for non-compliance by EU countries or the EU cyber agency. They can be found "presenting a significant cyber security risk" for endangering the health and safety of people, or for violating fundamental rights even when cyber rules are complied with.

The European Union Agency for Cyber ​​Security, or ENISA, will also establish a vulnerability database, to assess cross-border attacks.

National regulators can order a product to be recalled or removed entirely from the EU market if it does not comply with the new standards. The Commission may also take such action in exceptional cases.

If a company violates a key provision of the proposed rules, they could be fined up to 15 million euros ($15 million), or 2.5% of their annual global revenue, whichever is higher. Less serious offenses can result in fines of 10 million euros or 2% of annual global sales.

A company that is found to be providing "incorrect, incomplete or misleading" information faces a fine of up to 5 million euros, or up to 1% of its annual revenue.

Internal Markets Commissioner Thierry Breton said in a post from 2021 that "in an interconnected single market, we are only as strong as the weakest link." "Therefore, we must jointly increase our security level."

The Commission estimates that the proposal will result in annual savings of between 180 and 290 billion euros. To comply with and enforce the new cyber regulations, businesses and government agencies will have to spend an estimated 29 billion euros.
A draft of the proposal was first reported by the Financial Times.

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