For general knowledge, you must know that World Post Day is being celebrated worldwide on 9 October. The purpose of celebrating postal day is to make people aware of postal services and postal department. In 1874, an agreement was signed by 22 countries in Bern, the capital of Switzerland, to form the Universal Postal Union (UPU) on this day. After this, in the conference held in Tokyo, Japan in 1969, the announcement was made on October 9 as World Post Day.
The expansion of the postal network has contributed to the introduction of post offices, especially in rural areas. According to one figure, a post office in the country serves an area of 21.20 sq km and a population of 7174 people. The postal network has four category post offices - Head Post Office, Sub Post Office, Additional Departmental Sub Post Office and Additional Departmental Branch Post Office. All post offices provide the same postal services, bus delivery work is done by specific post offices. The first post office in India opened in Kolkata in 1774. Speed Post debuted in India in 1986. The money order system started in 1880.
Talking about its beginning, the modern postal system in our country started before the 18th century. The postal system established by Lord Clive in the year 1766 was developed by Warren Hastings in 1774 by establishing the Kolkata GPO. The General Post Offices at Chennai and Mumbai came into existence in the years 1786 and 1793 respectively. According to the reports, at the time of independence there were 23,344 post offices across the country. Of these, 19,184 were in rural areas and 4,160 in urban areas. As of 31 March 2008, there were 1,55,035 post offices in India. Of these, 1,39,173 post offices were in rural areas and 15,862 in urban areas. In this way, India has become the largest postal network in the world today.