Every year, the World COPD Day is celebrated on November 18. COPD is Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease. The disease obstructs the airflow in lungs. Thus it hampers the ability of the infected person to carry out day to day activities.
The World COPD day is observed to increase awareness about the chronic inflammatory lung condition. This year, the day is celebrated under the theme. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a preventable and treatable disease that causes breathlessness, chronic sputum production and cough. There are 300 million current cases of COPD in the world. COPD is currently the third leading cause of death globally and is highly prevalent in low resource countries. Exposure to tobacco smoke and other inhaled toxic particles and gases are the main risk factors for COPD, although recent research has identified that suboptimal lung growth before and after birth can also increase the risk of COPD later in life.
COPD is a progressive lung disease, which is majorly caused by the consumption of tobacco (either active smoking or secondhand smoke). Apart from this, the other risk factors include exposure to air pollution, fumes, and other environmental pollutants. In some cases of COPD are due to long-term asthma.