The Gangotri Glacier in Uttarakhand is melting very fast. On Thursday, Union Environment Minister Bhupender Yadav informed Rajya Sabha that in the last 15 years i.e. from 2001 to 2016, about 0.23 square kilometres of Gangotri Glacier has decreased. Yes, and according to him, the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) is monitoring this glacier. At the same time, data from the Indian Sensing Remote Satellite is being used for this. Let us tell you all that the environment minister's statement was made in response to a question from BJP's Mahesh Poddar.
In fact, he had sought to confirm the report which said that "the glacier was melting due to the alleged presence of black carbon in the atmosphere." Not only this, but it also said that to what extent the glacier has been melting for the last two decades. At the same time, he had also asked about the measures being taken by the Government to protect the habitations in the lower valleys. In such a situation, Bhupender Yadav has now said, "The extent to which the Himalayan glaciers have retreated is a complex subject, which has been studied by scientists from India and around the world through the investigation, data gathering and analysis of various case studies. It has been done in the Himalayan regions.''
At the same time, the Minister further said that "There are stable, receding or even advancing glaciers in the Himalayas, thereby emphasizing the complex geographical and cyclical nature of the dynamics of the glaciers.'' At the same time, the report shows that the presence of black carbon has been observed in the Himalayan regions, however, the large-scale damage of the Gangotri Glacier and its impact on retreat has not been studied.
Let us all know that black carbon is a major contributor to global climate change. Black carbon particles strongly absorb sunlight, giving the soot its black colour. Yes, and it arises from both natural and human activities as a result of incomplete combustion of fossil fuels, biofuels and biomass.