New Delhi: The Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) is gearing up for an impressive lineup of space missions in the next two years, focusing on exploration, communication, and innovation. As 2024 approaches, ISRO has outlined a roadmap that includes 12 significant missions, each aimed at pushing the boundaries of India's space capabilities. One of the most anticipated missions is the NASA-ISRO Synthetic Aperture Radar (NISAR), a collaborative effort between NASA and ISRO. Slated for launch in 2024, NISAR will be the first dual-band radar imaging satellite, providing critical data for Earth observation. This mission underscores the growing international collaboration in space exploration.
In addition to NISAR, ISRO has several other ambitious projects on the horizon. INSAT-3DS, a communication satellite, is part of the Indian National Satellite System series, playing a vital role in meteorology and disaster management. RISAT-1B and Resourcesat-3 are set to enhance India's remote sensing capabilities, while TDS01 and SPADEX will further technological research and experimentation to push lunar missions. Oceansat-3A will continue the legacy of its predecessors in oceanography and atmospheric studies. The Indian Data Relay Satellite System (IDRSS) aims to establish a real-time communication link with remote sensing and scientific satellites. GSAT-20 is expected to bolster telecommunication services, and NVS-02 will enhance navigation systems.
GAGANYAAN ON THE HORIZON:-
ISRO is not just looking at uncrewed missions; the Gaganyaan Programme is preparing for test flights that will eventually lead to sending Indian astronauts into space. This initiative will mark India's entry into human spaceflight, a significant milestone for the nation. Additionally, the Reusable Launch Vehicle (RLV) project is set to demonstrate technologies for cost-effective space access. The details were released by Science & Technology Minister Dr. Jitendra Singh in a written reply to questions in the Lok Sabha.
The minister also informed that the private space sector in India is also playing a crucial role, and as of November 2023, 523 startups and companies have engaged with IN-SPACe, ISRO's commercial arm, with 297 seeking support for R&D and testing. This surge in private participation comes after the government decided to open up the space sector, fostering a new era of innovation and collaboration.