Only one person among the Mughal emperors who failed to make his mark among the Indian public was Alamgir Aurangzeb. Aurangzeb's image among the general public is that of a religious frenzied fanatic, hostile to the Hindus, who did not spare even his elder brother Dara Shikoh to accomplish his political goals. Moreover, he kept his old father as a prisoner in the fort of Agra for the last seven and a half years of his life. Recently a Pakistani playwright Shahid Nadeem wrote that the seeds of partition were sown in the country when Aurangzeb defeated his brother Dara. Jawaharlal Nehru, in his book 'Discovery of India' published in 1946, introduced Aurangzeb as a fanatic and archaic person.
A few months ago an American historian Audrey Truschke's book came out. 'Aurangzeb - the man and the myth' in which he has said that the argument that Aurangzeb destroyed temples because he hated Hindus. Truschke, who teaches South Asia history at Rutgers University in Newark, writes that behind this image of Aurangzeb, British historians are responsible for promoting Hindu Muslim animosity under the British divide and rule policy. In this book, she also tells that if Aurangzeb's rule had been reduced by 20 years, he would have been assessed differently by modern historians.
In the last time of Aurangzeb, the Marathas had increased in the south. The imperial army was not successful in suppressing them. Therefore, in 1683 Aurangzeb himself went south with the army. He stayed away from the capital, in the same campaign for the last 25 years of his reign. After ruling for 50 years, he died in Ahmednagar in the south on 3 March 1707 AD. He was buried in the compound of the tomb of Fakir Burhanuddin located in Daulatabad. His policy created so many opponents, due to which the Mughal Empire was destroyed. Although Aurangzeb considered himself the emperor of the Hindu place and his wealth was considerable, but he had different views about his own grave, he wrote that his own grave should be made very straight.